Spikes, also known as herringbone artifact, are a well-known artifact in MRI imaging. They occur
when a hardware component produces an unwanted spark. Spikes are caused by malfunctioning
hardware components and lead to a degraded image quality; therefore, it is important to eliminate
their cause. A common case is gradient coils, which produce rapidly changing magnetic fields with
high amplitude. The aim of this thesis is to develop a deep-learning-based spike detection algorithm
based on multi-channel k-space data.
Methods and data
For this work anonymized clinical data in TWIX format are used provided by Siemens Healthineers.
The dataset contains more than 90 recordings from more than 15 scanners measured with a variety
of different sequences. The recordings are annotated by one expert with a binary label per slice or
partitions for 3D recordings. The label indicates whether a spike is present or not.
The goal of this thesis is to create a deep learning pipeline for the classification of the presence of
spikes. This includes comparing different preprocessing techniques and neural network architectures
(e.g., Res-blocks , Inception modules  and Dense-blocks ) in terms of their performance in
solving the classification task. In addition, their computational performance will also be evaluated.
The following aspects will be evaluated:
- Different preprocessing methods (e.g., dimensionality reduction, feature extraction, data
augmentation) will be implemented and compared w.r.t the classification performance
- Different model architectures (e.g., Res-blocks, Inception modules, Dense-blocks) will be
implemented and compared w.r.t the classification performance
- The classification performance will be evaluated with different metrics and the model’s
decision will be investigated with different attribution methods
- The chosen architecture will be analyzed and optimized w.r.t its computational performance
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